Ezidi24-Jameel Al-Jameel , Translated by: Nagham Aloka
The archaeological city of Nimrod near Mosul is the pearl of the Assyrian civilization, a treasure of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. And the most famous archaeologist in a country known as the cradle of civilizations. The Islamic State conquered in 2014, and two years later the Iraqi army announced its restoration in Mosul battle.
On February 5, Father Jacob Esso, the leader of the monastery of Mar Behnam and his sister Sarah, discovered in Nimrod district, an ancient well that dates back thousands of years. The well was covered to continue the excavation, preparation and arrangement of this monastery to be revealed by archeologists and specialist who have experience in the Assyrian monuments.
The head of the Monastery of Mar Bahnam and his sister Sarah told Ezidi 24, “During the arrangement of the monastery’s garden and its preparation for the cultivation of flowers, we saw something strange in the monastery’s garden and after we examined the garden carefully, it appeared to us that there is a hole and after investigation of the hole, appeared as an ancient well. “We covered the place of the well to verify this important archaeological discovery” added.
While Archbishop Nineb Lamasu confirmed to Ezidi 24, “The city of Nimrod is an Assyrian city full of antiquities and some of these antiquities were stolen and smuggled out of Iraq. In addition to that, if citizens digging in all provinces of Iraq, they will find the Assyrian monuments, which means that Iraq was the country of the Assyrians. He continued that this discovery is an important discovery and must explore all archaeological sites to avoid neglect and disappear of our civilization, which we should proud of.
The historical city of Nimrod contains several components after it was a predominantly Christian area. Although the demographic change that has taken place from the faith campaign launched by the former regime has caused many Christians to leave and flee to the city of Qara Qosh, today there are only two families living in the monastery of Bahnam and his sister Sarah.
The historic city lies on the banks of the Tigris River, 30 km south of Mosul, the largest city in northern Iraq. The general layout of Nimrud was designed as a square surrounded by an eight-kilometer wall and supported by defensive towers. In the southern corner of the fence is Nimrud Hill.
The founding of Nimrod dates back to the thirteenth century BC. The Iraqi archaeologist at the University of Stony Brook, Haydar Hamdani, said that “Nimrod was the capital of Assyria in the modern Assyrian era.”
The city was founded by King Shalmanser I, but remained submerged until King Achur Nasral II chose it as its royal residence and as the military capital of the Assyrian state, renewing it and expanding its castle and the area outside the walls. Then the kings after him completed the building of the city. Throughout its history, peoples have followed and witnessed many religions and cultures.
The city was first mentioned to archaeologists in 1820, and was then discovered by foreign scientists in subsequent decades. The British archaeologist Austin Layard discovered the city of Nimrod in the 19th century. British archaeologist Max Malawan was active in the site in the 1950s and was inspired by his wife Agatha Christie in her novels, including “Crime on the East Express Train” and “Crime in the Mesopotamia”.
Throughout its history, Nimrod has been subjected to various looting, during the US invasion of Iraq in 2003, in conjunction with the extensive looting of various Iraqi antiquities.
In 2014, the Islamic State, which controlled large areas of the country in mid-June 2014, swept the ancient city of Nimrod with heavy machinery, which the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities considered as an “attack” on monuments dating back to the 13th century BC and beyond “He said.
The Martyr Monastery of Mar Bahnam and his sister Mart Sarah (in Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܪܡܪܝ ܒܗܢܡ ܘܡܪܬ ܣܪܐ) is a monastery of Syriac Catholics located in Ninewa province in northern Iraq. The monastery is 14 km south of the town of Bakhdya and about 30 km southeast of Mosul.
The monastery dates back to the fourth century AD, where it is associated with the story of the Assyrian prince Mar Behnam, who converted to Christianity with his sister Sara and forty of his followers at the hands of the Syrian Orthodox Mar Mati. His father, King Sennacherib, ordered to murder all of them. However, he deeply regretted that, so he converted to Christianity and ordered the building of the monastery as a rewarded of his sin.
Since its inception, the monastery has been followed by the Syriac Orthodox Church and became the Syriac Catholic Church after the inhabitants of the town of Khadija converted to Catholicism in the 18th century.
The monastery was renovated and expanded in 1986 and today is considered one of the most important religious centers in Iraq, where Christians and Muslims visit it for the sake of blessing.